Jamaica

Cluster Munition Ban Policy

Last updated: 04 September 2020

Ten-Year Review: Signatory Jamaica has pledged to ratify the convention on several occasions, but the current status of its ratification is unknown. Jamaica has attended meetings of the convention, but not since 2014. It voted in favor of a key United Nations (UN) resolution promoting universalization of the convention in December 2019.

Jamaica has said that it does not stockpile cluster munitions and it is not known to have ever used, produced, or transferred them.

Policy

Jamaica signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 12 June 2009, becoming the first Caribbean country to join it.

Jamaica has committed to ratify the convention on several occasions, but the ratification request has not yet been introduced to parliament for consideration and approval.[1] The current status of the ratification process is unknown.

Jamaica participated in the Oslo Process and advocated strongly for the most comprehensive convention text possible during the formal negotiations in Dublin in May 2008.[2]

Jamaica participated in Meetings of States Parties of the convention, but not since 2014.[3] However, it attended a CARICOM regional workshop on the convention in St. George’s, Grenada on 3–4 March 2020.

In December 2019, Jamaica voted in favor of a key UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution urging states outside the Convention on Cluster Munitions to “join as soon as possible.”[4] Jamaica has voted in favor of the annual UNGA resolution promoting the convention since it was first introduced in 2015.

Jamaica has voted in favor of UNGA resolutions expressing outrage at the use of cluster munitions in Syria, most recently in December 2019.[5]

Jamaica is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is also party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.

Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling

Jamaica is not known to have ever used, produced, or transferred cluster munitions. In 2012, a government representative told States Parties that “Jamaica does not possess cluster munitions.”[6]



[1] In October 2015, Jamaica stated that it was working to ratify “at the earliest opportunity,” while High Commissioner Janice Miller in Ottawa told Canadian campaigners in July 2015 that Jamaica hopes to ratify “at the earliest opportunity.” Statement of Jamaica, UN General Assembly (UNGA) First Committee on Disarmament and International Security, New York, 26 October 2015; letter to Paul Hannon, Mines Action Canada, from Janice Miller, High Commissioner for Jamaica to Canada, Ottawa, 8 July 2015.

[2] For details on Jamaica’s cluster munition policy and practice up to early 2010, see ICBL, Cluster Munition Monitor 2010 (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada, October 2010), pp. 156–157.

[3] Jamaica attended Meetings of States Parties of the convention in 2012 and 2014.

[4]Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” UNGA Resolution 74/62, 12 December 2019.

[5]Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic,” UNGA Resolution 74/169, 18 December 2019. Jamaica voted in favor of similar resolutions in 2013–2018.

[6] Statement of Jamaica, Convention on Cluster Munitions Third Meeting of States Parties, Oslo, 11 September 2012.


Mine Ban Policy

Last updated: 18 December 2019

Policy

Jamaica signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997 and ratified it on 17 July 1998, becoming a State Party on 1 March 1999. It has not enacted new legislation specifically to implement the Mine Ban Treaty.

Jamaica has not attended any recent meetings of the treaty. It did not attend the Third Review Conference in Maputo in June 2014. Jamaica submitted its sixth Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report in 2007, but has not provided subsequent annual reports.

Jamaica is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons and its Amended Protocol II on landmines and Protocol V on explosive remnants of war. Jamaica is a signatory state to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.

Production, transfer, stockpile destruction, and retention

Jamaica has never used, produced, imported, exported, or stockpiled antipersonnel mines, including for training purposes.